Six takeaways from the new climate report

11 October, 2018, 23:03 | Author: Grady Montgomery
  • Wind power plant- wind turbines of Windy Hill Wind Farm in the Atherton Tablelands

The Special Report on Global Warming 1.5C, known as SR15, was produced by the Intergovernmental Panel in Climate Change report, a United Nations consortium of researchers studying the speed and scope of temperature rise caused by humans.

"Limiting global warming to 1.5°C compared with 2°C would reduce challenging impacts on ecosystems, human health and well-being, making it easier to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals", said Priyardarshi Shukla, co-chair of another IPCC working group.

"With more than 6,000 scientific references cited and the dedicated contribution of thousands of expert and government reviewers worldwide, this important report testifies to the breadth and policyrelevance of the IPCC", said Hoesung Lee, Chair of the IPCC.

"A key finding of the report is that 1.5°C is not a safe level of global warming; however it is much safer than 2.0 °C", Professor Hoegh-Guldberg said.

The UN report warns the most serious impacts of climate change could arrive as early as 2030 if carbon emissions aren't significantly reduced.

Warming of 2C above pre-industrial levels had widely been thought of as the threshold beyond which risky climate change will occur, but vulnerable countries such as low-lying island states warn rises above 1.5C will threaten their survival. However, the world has already warmed about 1 deg C since pre-industrial times. "What we've done is said what the world needs to do", Imperial College London's Jim Skea, cochair of the IPCC panel, said at a press conference.

"It's telling us we need to reverse emissions trends and turn the world economy on a dime", Myles Allen, an Oxford University climate scientist and an author of the report, told The New York Times. Global net emissions of carbon dioxide would need to fall by 45 per cent from 2010 levels by 2030 and reach "net zero" around 2050.




Limiting the temperature rise to 1.5 °C could also protect several hundred million people, including those living in some of the least developed countries, from slipping into poverty and disadvantage by 2050 due to climate-related risks, as would be the case under the 2°C scenario.

"The overarching context of this report is this: human influence has become a principal agent of change on the planet", adding that "the spread of fossil-fuel-based material consumption and changing lifestyles is a major driver of global resource use, and the main contributor to rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions".

This target was long considered the threshold for the most unsafe effects of climate change, including the mass destruction of coral reefs, widespread food shortages, destructive wildfires and coastal flooding.

According to him, settling for two degrees would be a death sentence for people in many parts of Africa."The faster governments embrace the renewable energy revolution and move to protect communities at risk, the more lives and livelihoods that will be spared."A hotter Africa is a hungrier Africa", he said".

"Within the next decade or so, we will need to radically change the way we build our houses, move from one place to another and grow our food", said 350.org in a statement.

The Nobel Prize-winning Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change issued its gloomy report at a meeting in Incheon, South Korea.

US President Donald Trump has questioned the science of manmade climate change and vowed to withdraw the US, the world's second largest emitter of greenhouse gases after China, from the agreement.

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